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Business & Residential Complex AI Kulafa

The complex in its construction meets the basic city planning concept and in the centre of the composition there is a spacious octagonal atrium with a pool and a fountain.

  • Employer: City of Baghdad
  • Location: Bagdhad
  • Total cost of project: N/A
  • Years of construction: 1980 - 1983
  • Category: Business Centres, Sports Complexes And Congress Halls
  • Status: Finished
  • Area: 90.000 m²
  • Contractor: Energoprojekt

Detail design:

Zoran Bojovic, BSc (arch.)

Zoran Bojovic, BSc (arch.)

Structure Designer:
Tricko Tritkovic, BSc (civil eng.)

Installation Designer:
thermotechnical installations: Branislav Kontic, BSc (mech. eng.); water supply and sewage installations: Bosiljka Petrovic, BSc (arch.); electrical installations: Ljuba Rajkovic, Bsc (electr.) - strong current, and Radojica Graovac, BSc (electr.)

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The complex consists of 9 buildings total area 90,000 m2, having multi-purpose functions, and equipped with complicated installations. The location was very limited to develop the site, to design and to complete the construction in 32 months, and therefore a modern assembly structural system was chosen.

This system allowed great flexibility, quick and total assembly with the maximum use of industrial semi-products and products in the finishing stage of the works. The system was improved and adjusted to the terrain conditions, site and available machinery to the extent that these innovations made it original. The basic structural elements are hollow reinforced concrete slabs, a column and a wall element receiving horizontal forces. The slab is distinguished for its dimensions (3.6 x 7 x 0.24) and represents its own record considering the small height and a large span achieved by classical reinforcing. The structure is characterized by a very small large of used elements resulting from strictly standardized functional solutions.

§ The complex consists of 9 multi-storey blocks with 3 business blocks, 3 apartment blocks and a department store block.

The ground floor and the mezzanine in all the buildings are designed in such a way that they can be used for public purposes, like shops, banks, clinics, laundries, etc.

§ The facade, besides its basic function to protect from atmospheric effects and over accumulation of heat, satisfies the aesthetic conditions of the surrounding~ and harmoniously fits into the setting. It consists of an internal thermal-insulating layer and external reinforced concrete ventilated panels which receive all exterior- effects.

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